Social and community development

national context in social and communtiy development image

● Expenditure on social grants accounted for 85% of the 2017 national budget (R180 billion) for social

protection. The majority of government’s social protection budget was allocated to old age and child

support grants; R64 billion and R56 billion respectively.

● Old age, disability and care dependency grants increased by 6%, from R1 510 per month in 2016, to

R1 600 in 2017. The child support grant rose by 9%, to R380 per month, and the foster care grant rose

by 3%, to R920 per month.

● In 2016, more South Africans (17 094 331) received social grants than had jobs (15 545 000). An

Institute of Race Relations survey showed that, compared to 2001, in 2016 the number of people

receiving grants had increased by 328%, while those with jobs increased by only 24%.

● The Quarterly Labour Force Survey, Quarter 2, 2017 showed that unemployment increased, from 27% in

Quarter 2: 2016, to 28% in the same period in 2017.

● According to the same survey, the 45 to 54-year and 55 to 64-year age groups consistently account

for the smallest unemployment rates, at 15% and 9% respectively in Quarter 2: 2017. The 15 to

24-year age group accounted for the largest unemployment rate, at 56% for the same period.

● Stats SA’s Poverty Trends in South Africa report, released in 2017, showed that, despite the general

decline in poverty between 2006 and 2011, poverty levels in South Africa rose in 2015. More than

half of South Africans (30.4 million) were poor in 2015. The figures are calculated using the upperbound

poverty line of R992 per person per month, based on 2015 prices.

● The Department of Home Affairs received more than one million asylum applications between 2005

and 2015.

● In 2016, according to Stats SA, 4.5% of South Africans aged five years and older were classified as

disabled. The Northern Cape had the highest prevalence of disability at 7% and the Western Cape

had the lowest prevalence at just under 4%.

Disability policy, 2009

This policy focuses on the provision of integrated social services for people with disabilities. It seeks to guide the mainstreaming of disability in the development and implementation of all government policies and programmes, and to reverse the legacy of apartheid by applying a ‘social model’ approach to disability, based on the premise that, if society cannot cater for people with disabilities, it must change. It adheres to the objectives of the 1997 White Paper on Social Welfare, and builds on the 1997 Integrated National Disability Strategy which aims to create an inclusive society and welfare system that facilitates the development of human capacity and self-reliance within a caring and enabling socio economic environment.

The New Growth Path Framework, 2010

This framework promotes employment and growth in South Africa’s economy. It aims to create five million jobs and to reduce unemployment, from 25% to 15%, over 10 years. Infrastructure, the green economy, agriculture, mining, manufacturing and tourism are identified as priority areas for job creation, through a series of partnerships between the state and private sector. Major improvements in government are proposed, with a call for slashing unnecessary red tape, improving competition in the economy andaccelerating skills development.

Women empowerment and gender equality, 2013

This bill seeks to protect and promote women's reproductive health, eliminate discrimination and harmful practices, including gender-based violence, and improve access to education and skills development. It calls for the progressive realisation of at least 50% representation of women in decision-making structures, giving effect to Section 9 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, in so far as the empowerment of women and gender equality is concerned. This bill complements other policies that touch on women’s empowerment and/or gender equality, such as the Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment Codes.

● The complexity of challenges within the social development sector requires collaboration between
experienced development partners, to ensure a combination of sound development principles, skills
and innovation.
● Invest in establishing service hubs for community-based organisations. Bringing complementary
services together makes them more accessible to community members and facilitates more
comprehensive responses, which can deepen the impact in a particular locality.
● Where possible, build the capacity of the people within the organisations that you support.
● Make a concerted effort to understand women’s concerns and include them in decision-making
forums when supporting community development. Women’s voices, and the development of
leadership capacity among women, are crucial for effective and long-term development.