National Context

Safety and Security: National Context

  • The peace and security budget declined from R212 billion in 2020/21 to R154 billion in 2021/22, a 27% decrease, and constituting 7.6% of the consolidated government expenditure of R2 trillion for the year. Police services received R108 billion, up from last year’s R105 billion. The military saw a decrease from R55 billion to R46 billion.

  • The Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) in its Economic Value of Peace 2021 report ranked South Africa 21 out of 163 countries for its high economic cost of violence. The institute estimates that South Africa had an annual containment cost (% of GDP used to contain violence) equal to 12% of GDP in 2019 (around R600 billion).

  • The South African Property Owners Association reported on 19 July 2021 that 40 000 businesses and
    50 000 informal traders were affected by the unrest in that month in KwaZulu-Natal and parts of Gauteng. The South African Treasury allocated R3.9 billion towards the South African Special Risks Insurance Association (SASRIA), the state insurer that paid out claims relating to the unrest in July 2021. The cost of the unrest is estimated to be between R15 billion and R20 billion.

  • In August 2021, the South African Police Service (SAPS) released crime statistics for the first quarter of 2021 (April to June). More than 10 000 rapes and 5 700 murders were recorded over the three-month period of hard lockdown – an increase of over 60% from the same period in 2019.


Source: Trialogue Business in Society Handbook 2021

 

THE KNOWLEDGE HUB IS A logo INITIATIVE. (C) 2017-2022.