It is widely accepted that South Africa is one of the most unequal societies in the world. The top 10 percent of the population earn about 60percent of all income and own 95percent of all assets. But there are significant and critical gaps in the understanding of how this inequality is produced, and the systems of power that supports its reproduction.
There has been no significant reduction in inequality in post-apartheid South Africa. At the start of the 1990s, South Africa had the highest Gini coefficient of all 57 countries for which there were data at that time, at 0.66.